SoSe 16: Multi-level policy entrepreneurship: Comparing cases of EU climate and energy policy (MA EPP)
Inken Reimer, Barbara Saerbeck
This class addresses the role of multi-level policy entrepreneurs in capturing policy-feedback and engineering low-carbon energy transition. It builds on theoretical approaches of multi-level ... read more
This class addresses the role of multi-level policy entrepreneurs in capturing policy-feedback and engineering low-carbon energy transition. It builds on theoretical approaches of multi-level governance as well as literature using the concept of policy entrepreneurs, i.e. agenda-setting, window of opportunity and social movement.
Following the notion that policies create legacies, what is the heritage of the EU’s 2020 policy for expanding the share of renewable energy sources (RES) in the energy mix? Given the institutional differences between EU countries, different responses to the European renewable energy policy are to be expected. Indeed, in implementing the Renewable Energy Directive, Germany has emphasized national RES expansion by means of a technology-specific support scheme (feed-in-tariffs). In contrast, for example Norway entered into a joint scheme with Sweden, with a technology-neutral support scheme (green certificates). While the EU’s RES policy for 2030 has changed as compared to its 2020 policy, the latter will still create changes ‘on the ground’ up to 2020.
This class take a closer look on the impact of the EU’s 2020 RES policy, discussing whether and how the support schemes created the seeds for further change that originate from the local changes ‘on the ground’. We zoom in on the role of policy-entrepreneurs and stakeholders in processes of policy-feedback following from such change, including whether their response comes in the shape of nested games within the domestic arena or whether multi-level tactics is employed.
A key question is whether and how policy-entrepreneurs and other stakeholders (business in particular) responded to the changes: i) did they seize opportunities that arose, or did they capitalize on change to engineer further change; and ii) how were these actors networked and at what level(s) did such activity occur (local/national/European/multilevel)?
Aim of this class is to familiarize students with the concept of policy entrepreneurs. Students should be able to relate this concept to theoretical approaches and connect it with the multi-level governance approach. Furthermore, students should apply the concepts to case studies of EU climate and energy policies.