Reading material will be provided depending on the choice of topics for the semester.
Good starting points for items 1. through 4. are,
Hans Kaper and Hans Engler,
Mathematics and Climate, Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (2013)
Numerical Methods for Fluid Dynamics with Applications to Geophysics, Springer, Computational Science and Engineering Series, (2010)
Metzner Ph., Putzig L., Horenko I., Schließen
Analysis of persistent nonstationary time series and applications, Comm. Appl. Math. & Comput. Sci., vol. 7, 175-229 (2012)