SoSe 19: The Indigenious Peoples and the Canadian Federation: Colonial Legacy and Political Challenges
Nicolas Houde/ Jean Rémi Carbonneau
Additional information / Pre-requisites
Starting on April, 18!
Long before the arrival of European settlers, the territory known as Canada was populated by several culturally and politically distinct peoples established on their ancestral lands. These groups ... read more
Long before the arrival of European settlers, the territory known as Canada was populated by several culturally and politically distinct peoples established on their ancestral lands. These groups then entered into strategic alliances with French and British colonial powers. After the close of the French-British hostilities and a period of peaceful coexistence, the British Crown gradually began to annex and occupy Indigenous lands through an extensive settlement policy which became a policy of outright assimilation in the years leading up to the foundation of the Canadian federation. The three main groups making up the Indigenous Peoples in today’s Canada – First Nations, Métis and Inuit – have been struggling since then to assert their land and cultural rights in front of a constitutional order based on three centuries of colonialism. This seminar first deals with the multiple strategies of land dispossession used by the Canadian authorities during the 19th and 20th centuries such as historical land treaties, Indian reserves and the residential school system as well as the social impacts of the colonial legacy on Aboriginal everyday life. It then moves on to discuss the shortcomings of the growing but inadequate political recognition enjoyed by Indigenous groups, as illustrated by the signing of modern treaties. It finally addresses different Indigenous responses to the colonial order and some reform prospects to solve the “Indian” issue in Canada. close